Each warred party took the opportunity to raise its own domestic policy concerns, including calling for the disintegrating of rebel groups fighting their governments and securing a regional commitment to safeguarding their national security interests. One of the most important precedents created by the agreement is that the belligerents be transformed into executors of the agreement by the JMC. The JMC must exchange information on militias and develop disarmament mechanisms. However, it will take time for the parties to overcome their suspicions and do more than ensure that their enemies no longer support the rebels. Moreover, it will be difficult for Kabila and Zimbabwe to turn against their allies, the former FAR and Interahamwe. Secret service reports have already indicated that some armed groups have begun to go into hiding. This publication is a simple manual. Written from a practitioner`s perspective, it examines the challenges mediators face in supporting ceasefire negotiations, as well as the options available to them. It contains a series of small case studies and identifies useful lessons, including lessons based on in-depth scientific research that is not publicly available, including an overview of the Virginia Fortna peace period: Ceasefire Agreement and Peacekeeping (2004) at pages 9-11. Chounet-Cambas, L. (2016). The ceasefire. GSDRC Professional Development Reading Pack Nr.
41. Birmingham, UK: University of Birmingham. Reading 5: The Public International Law – Policy Group (2013). Ceasefire Drafter Manual, an introduction and a model for negotiators, mediators and interest groups. Washington DC: Public International Law and Policy Group. Ceasefires come in different forms and lengths. They can be very local (Syria 2014), cover larger parts of a particular territory (the Nuba Mountains in Sudan in 2002), apply to an entire area, but to the exclusion of certain parts of the conflict (Syria 2016) or nationally and without restrictions. You`ll find concrete examples in the playlist below. A lasting ceasefire agreement, such as the one negotiated in 2002 in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan, will at least be built around the “4-2” zones. Practitioners and scientists point out that agreements that combine as much detail as possible between the following characteristics are appropriate for “simpler” implementation and are therefore more likely to consider them. The four key areas are: this manual has been used as training materials in different contexts, notably to support stimulation exercises organized by PILPG.
It contains the standard language on the essential provisions of the ceasefire agreements. The manual should be read in the light of the Brickhill document: it is better to be used to train the parties and help them design technical and political solutions that are acceptable to them, rather than being confused with the perfect tool to tackle an essentially technical undertaking. The report draws on primary data to analyze local ceasefires negotiated in Syria in early 2014 and contains brief case studies on Homs, Barzeh, Mu`adamiyya, Yarmouk and other locations. It examines the dynamics that have characterized the negotiation and implementation of these local agreements and assesses the extent of their humanitarian impact and their contribution to broader political achievements. The report is not publicly available. It has taken time, but the ceasefire agreement with Libya, signed on 23 October in Geneva, is a welcome development, a step towards broader political discussions and a way out of the war. The agreement between representatives of the Tripoli National Agreement (GNA) government and Khalifa Haftar`s Libyan National Army (LNA) could, if honoured, be a “fundamental step towards peace and stability,” in the words of UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. But the text of the agreement gives way to different interpretations, misunderstandings and/or a deliberate reworking of terms to serve the interests of one of the parties – or foreign benefactors.