When a bill of lading is issued to the shipowner by the shipowner, the question arises as to which document is the dominant one.   If a shipper returns a bill of lading to a carrier (perhaps as a pawn), the carrier will only hold it as a pledge. The owner of the boat would only know the information we provide them. You would use this information to calculate dementia because of the charterers. A bunker clause provides that the charterer accepts and pays all fuel in the ship`s bunkers in the port of delivery, and vice versa (owner) to pay for all the fuel-oil in the ship`s bunkers in the port of the current price in the respective ports. It is customary to agree a minimum and maximum amount in the bunkers when handing over the ship. Since the OW Bunker test case, ship operators have been required to ensure that the conditions of supply in the hold are adequate. If the charterer takes longer than expected to load or unload the cargo in use, the shipowner must receive a pre-agreed compensation, called demerit. A firing clause is inserted in the rental parties which indicate as a safe port a safe port in a particular area, z.B area Havre/Hamburg. Similarly, according to the travel charter, he is the shipowner who paid for the maintenance of the vessel. In some cases, a charterer may own cargo and use a boat broker to find a ship to deliver the load at a certain price, called freight rate. Freight rates can be expressed on a specific link (for example. B for iron ore between Brazil and China), in world points (for oil tankers) or, alternatively, on a total amount, normally in U.S.
dollars, per day for the agreed duration of the charter. There are three main types of chartering: time, travel and shipwreck and another: In most cases, charterer is a kind of middle man between the shipper and the owner charterer is the party that chartered (think of simple word “rented”) the ship. Lord Diplock described in one of the most important cases on Laytime the four-level charter festival. The charter part is a contract for transporting goods in the case of the use of a tramp. This means that the charter party will clearly and unequivocally set out the rights and obligations of the shipowner and the charterer and will resolve any subsequent disputes between them in court or in an agreed forum by referring to the agreed terms, as defined in the charter part. The name “Charter party” is an anglicization of the French charter part, that is, a doubly written document, so that each party retains half.   This information is also included in the charter party contract. Broker or no broker, the charterer and the shipowner would agree on the terms that would constitute charter-party-convention. If the charterer uses more time to load and unload than the permitted schedule under the charter party agreement, then the charterer must pay for the extra time. Time Charter Equivalent is a standard performance index of the marine industry, which is mainly used to compare period-to-period changes in the performance of a shipping company despite changes in the mix of charter types. The aircraft are mentioned in the travel charter agreement between the shipowner and the charterer.
In a travel charter, the itinerary is pre-arranged and the charterer has little room to intervene in the program. On the other hand, the on-time charter is almost half a house between a charter and a travel charter, since the charterer decides the routes and ports and orders the shipowner`s crew to stick to it.