The Dayton Peace Agreement

Kerim told Leslie: “Many people in Bosnia see peace as something unusual and special, accepting any form of injustice on the part of the government.” “Although the Bosnian state is not fully operational, the dismantling of the agreement could lead to the further disintegration of Bosnia and Herzegovina,” he added. “Dayton`s Bosnia has shown great resilience and a great capacity for survival, so we must not question its future.” The belligerents approved peace and a single sovereign state known as Bosnia and Herzegovina, consisting of two parts, the Serb-populated Republika Srpska, and mainly the Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. President Clinton yesterday heralded his presidency`s greatest foreign policy triumph – and the greatest political game – of his presidency, when he rushed 60,000 NATO troops into the Balkans to impose The historic but fragile Bosnian peace agreement that his government had negotiated against all odds. When European negotiators entered Room B-52 of the (Bob) Hope Hotel to prepare for the solemn signing of the Bosnian peace talks in Dayton this week, they watched the scene and exploded. The general framework agreement, which includes eleven annexes, was officially signed on 14 December in Paris by the parties and by President Clinton, French President Jacques Chirac, British Prime Minister John Major, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. The agreement called on Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to agree to fully respect sovereign equality between them and to resolve disputes by peaceful means. In addition, the parties agreed to fully respect the human rights and rights of refugees and displaced persons. Finally, the parties agreed to cooperate fully with all entities, including bodies authorized by the United Nations Security Council, to implement the peace settlement and to investigate and prosecute war crimes and other violations of international humanitarian law. The peace conference was chaired by US Secretary of State Warren Christopher and negotiator Richard Holbrooke, with two co-chairs, in the form of EU Special Representative Carl Bildt and Russian First Deputy Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov.