Other long-standing Member States even lack adequate legislation to fulfil their obligations under CITES. The CITES website is excellent with most materials in English, French and Spanish. see www.cites.org/index.html Originally, CITES addressed the depletion due to demand for luxury goods such as fur in Western countries, but Asia`s growing wealth, particularly in China, has shifted its focus on the products in demand there, particularly those used for luxury goods such as ivory or shark fins or for superstitious uses such as rhinoceros. From 2013, demand has been strong and had spread to thousands of species previously considered discreet and not threatened with extinction, such as manta rays or rumps.  “[T]reaty”, an international instrument concluded in writing between states and subject to international law, whether contained in a single legal act or in two or more interconnected acts, whatever its particular name. (Article 2. == A/Conf. 39/27, (1969), 63 A.J.I.L. 875 (1969), 8 I.L.M 679 (1969). If a species is threatened with extinction, the treaty will impose a ban on trade in listed species. These species are listed in Appendix I of the treaty (countries may consider this as the list of threatened species). If a species may have doubts about the strength of the population, the species is listed in Appendix II, where commercial trade is allowed. Examples of Appendix II species are: the North American black bear, the stone eagle and many species of orchids.
Trade is varied, ranging from living flora and fauna to a multitude of wildlife products, including food, exotic leather goods, wooden musical instruments, wood, tourist attractions and medicines. Exploitation of certain animal and plant species is high and trade in these species, as well as other factors such as habitat loss, is capable of severely depleting their populations and even bringing some species closer to extinction. Many species of wild animals in trade are not threatened, but the existence of an agreement guaranteeing the sustainability of trade is important to protect these resources for the future. The agenda of this year`s CoP includes a record number of agenda items on the agenda. WWF will insist on the enactment of proposals that are essential to the fight against wildlife trafficking and will call for countries that fail to comply with their obligations to be brought to justice under CITES and, where appropriate, to face trade suspensions. Sometimes the political sub-parts of a State have attributes similar to the State, but are not recognized as having international legal capacity. Within the United States, Michigan, Iowa and all other countries can be called sovereign states in national legal analysis. However, if the State of Michigan signed a Great Lakes Cleanup Agreement with the Province of Ontario, the agreement could not qualify as a contract, as neither party has the international capacity to enter into contracts.
Under the U.S. Constitution, Article 1, the power to make international commitments has been delegated to the U.S. federal government. . . .